Since it is natural for most adults to be able to write and read, it seems comparatively easy to teach children to write as well. But when the children come to school, it quickly becomes clear that learning to write is not so easy. When children learn to speak, it is comparatively easy and fast.
Syllables and sounds
So children snap sounds, syllables and words seemingly automatically and on the side and are able to quickly formulate their demands, wishes and opinions. This is explained by the fact that the ability to speak is a natural process that nature intended. For this reason, an appropriate area for learning to speak is provided in the brain.
This is different in writing, which is not a natural process.
The writing involves several regions of the brain, and these regions must be linked and coordinated at the same time.
If parents were to ask several educators how their child can best learn to write, each educator would probably suggest a slightly different guide and recommend various tips. Much more useful, however, is when parents first clarify what it means for their child to learn to write.
Words and letters
Many children can already write their name and some words when they start school. In many cases, however, children only paint in practiced lines without having an understanding of the letters as such. In some federal states there are preschool programs and only when the children recognize letters, they can be enrolled, but this does not mean that the children can then automatically read and write.
When children go to school, they first learn the letters of the alphabet, then umlauts and letter combinations, and finally first punctuation marks.
However, the first difficulties appear quite quickly, for example if it turns out that the same letter, depending on the word, can be pronounced and written in very different ways. For the children, this means that they not only have to learn and arrange the individual letters, but also have to memorize when, for example, vowels are extended by an “h” or when double letters shorten a vowel. In addition, children need to learn to recognize when a word begins and where it ends.
While speaking single words without subdivisions are strung together, the written language is composed of individual letters that become lutes, then syllables, then words and finally sentences.
If children have learned to separate words from each other, then they also have to learn when which words are big and when which words are written in small letters. Another source of error also offers dialects.
However, learning the complexity of the learning process while writing is not yet complete. In addition, there are still the motor requirements. This means that children also need to learn how to hold a pen properly and to guide it with not too strong, but not too weak pressure on the paper and to put the letters as straight and even as possible between the lines.
Learn how to write
There is certainly no universal guide, and no secret godparent recipe, for children to learn to read and write as quickly and easily as possible, because every child learns differently and at their own pace. But there are some tips that help the child to enjoy writing. Children are naturally curious, inquisitive and learn very quickly.
At the same time, children want to be motivated and praised.
The fact is that writing is best learned when as much as possible is written. But exactly this point leads to a common mistake that parents make over and over again.
If the child proudly presents the first self-written shopping list, the first self-written story, or a first letter, parents tend to unpack the red pencil and correct the spelling mistakes. This is done with good intention, because after all, the child should not memorize the wrong spelling.
The result, however, is usually frustration and the child feels thwarted due to his apparent inability. Of course, this does not mean that parents have to accept the mistakes silently, but no one should expect a beginner to know all the spelling rules.
If children are to learn to write, then it is important to find the middle ground between praise, recognition and the encouragement to make it a little better on the next try.